Ripercorri le tracce della presenza romana
The Roman conquest of Valle Camonica dates back to 16 b.c.e. and it is included among the military acts of conquest of the Alpine areas, led by Emperor Augusto.
Numerous finds attest the widespread Roman influence in the territory, emerging in the towns of Lovere, Borno, Esine, Bienno, Losine and along the way of what is supposed to be the Roman route that linked Brescia with the Upper Valle Camonica, in particular remains of a road between Malonno and Edolo and remains of a bridge in Cividate Camuno and in Sonico.
Several epigraphs, wall structures, ruins of buildings and necropolis have been discovered, however the highest concentration is found in the area between Cividate and Breno.
The integration of the Camunian province took place extraordinarily quickly and thoroughly. Thanks to the acceptance of the new economic, social and religious order, the Camunians, from a semi-subjected condition, obtained the Roman citizenship around 49 c.e.
Cividate Camuno, by virtue of its privileged position with regard to communication routes, was elected capital, certifying their belonging to their own tribe, independent from Brescia and named Quirina and still today it preserves the distinguishing marks of that time. During the Roman rule the Valley became richer, new and safer trading routes were built, often improving pre-existing pathways, and in particular along the very important Valeriana Road, traffic increased between the Camunian peoples and the empire, a crucial moment for the development of this alpine territory. The Roman material retrieved by the various researches and diggings executed in the whole Valley has been collected in the National Archaeological Museum of Valle Camonica in Cividate Camuno established in 1983. Among the objects on display it is possible to see the polychromatic mosaics from the old Cividate spa, the statue of Athena found in the Minerva Shrine in Breno and the statue of a man, probably located in the forum, found in Cividate. Besides, the collection boasts clay materials, coins with epigraphs and architectural elements. Not to be missed also the nearby archaeological park with the remains of the amphitheatre and, a little farther, the Spinera Shrine, linked by an inviting bike and pedestrian pathway.